PeRL STUDIES AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATION & MAPPING FOR MOBILE ROBOTS IN A PRIORI UNKNOWN ENVIRONMENTS.

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Automatic targetless extrinsic calibration of a 3d lidar and camera by maximizing mutual information

Summary


Gaurav Pandey, James R. McBride, Silvio Savarese and Ryan M. Eustice, Automatic targetless extrinsic calibration of a 3d lidar and camera by maximizing mutual information. In Proceedings of the AAAI National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pages 2053-2059, Toronto, Canada, July 2012.

Abstract

This paper reports on a mutual information (MI) based algorithm for automatic extrinsic calibration of a 3D laser scanner and optical camera system. By using MI as the registration criterion, our method is able to work in situ without the need for any specific calibration targets, which makes it practical for in-field calibration. The calibration parameters are estimated by maximizing the mutual information obtained between the sensor-measured surface intensities. We calculate the Cramer-Rao-Lower-Bound (CRLB) and show that the sample variance of the estimated parameters empirically approaches the CRLB for a sufficient number of views. Furthermore, we compare the calibration results to independent ground-truth and observe that the mean error also empirically approaches to zero as the number of views are increased. This indicates that the proposed algorithm, in the limiting case, calculates a minimum variance unbiased (MVUB) estimate of the calibration parameters. Experimental results are presented for data collected by a vehicle mounted with a 3D laser scanner and an omnidirectional camera system.

Bibtex entry

@INPROCEEDINGS { gpandey-2012a,
    AUTHOR = { Gaurav Pandey and James R. McBride and Silvio Savarese and Ryan M. Eustice },
    TITLE = { Automatic targetless extrinsic calibration of a 3d lidar and camera by maximizing mutual information },
    BOOKTITLE = { Proceedings of the AAAI National Conference on Artificial Intelligence },
    YEAR = { 2012 },
    MONTH = { July },
    ADDRESS = { Toronto, Canada },
    PAGES = { 2053--2059 },
}

Downloads

  1. Calibration Code