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Toward mutual information based automatic registration of 3d point clouds

Summary


Gaurav Pandey, James R. McBride, Silvio Savarese and Ryan M. Eustice, Toward mutual information based automatic registration of 3d point clouds. In Proceedings of the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, Algarve, Portugal, October 2012.

Abstract

This paper reports a novel mutual information (MI) based algorithm for automatic registration of unstructured 3D point clouds comprised of co-registered 3D lidar and camera imagery. The proposed method provides a robust and principled framework for fusing the complementary information obtained from these two different sensing modalities. High-dimensional features are extracted from a training set of textured point clouds (scans) and hierarchical k-means clustering is used to quantize these features into a set of codewords. Using this codebook, any new scan can be represented as a collection of codewords. Under the correct rigid-body transformation aligning two overlapping scans, the MI between the codewords present in the scans is maximized. We apply a James-Stein-type shrinkage estimator to estimate the true MI from the marginal and joint histograms of the codewords extracted from the scans. Experimental results using scans obtained by a vehicle equipped with a 3D laser scanner and an omnidirectional camera are used to validate the robustness of the proposed algorithm over a wide range of initial conditions. We also show that the proposed method works well with 3D data alone.

Bibtex entry

@INPROCEEDINGS { gpandey-2012b,
    AUTHOR = { Gaurav Pandey and James R. McBride and Silvio Savarese and Ryan M. Eustice },
    TITLE = { Toward mutual information based automatic registration of 3d point clouds },
    BOOKTITLE = { Proceedings of the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems },
    YEAR = { 2012 },
    MONTH = { October },
    ADDRESS = { Algarve, Portugal },
}